Little Known Black History Fact: Philippa Schuyler

Philippa Schuyler was a pianist child prodigy, born in the 1930’s. She composed a famous piece called “Harlem’s Mozart: The Shirley Temple of American Negroes.” Born to a black journalist and a white daughter of a Texas ranger, (who had at one time, worked as a bathing beauty for a local slave owner), Philippa’s parents were determined to use their daughter as a poster child for integration. Her mother, Josephine Cogdell, raised her daughter on raw meat, vegetables and cod liver oil, believing that it would make her more of a genius. Her mother even wrote publicly about her experience in being with a black man in “The Messenger” publication.

Philippa’s parents saw promise in her only four weeks after she was born, when she began to crawl. She was reading and writing by age two. By the time she was four years old, she was playing her own piano compositions on the local radio station. With an IQ of 180 at seven, Philippa graduated from elementary school at ten years old. At the young age of 13, she had written 100 music compositions for orchestra. Her first piece, “Manhattan Nocturne”, was performed by the New York Philharmonic in 1944. Cogdell was known to issue tough love to her daughter, demanding perfection with little affection.

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